days to Istio 1.5

ISTIO-SECURITY-2019-004

Security Bulletin

Disclosure Details
CVE(s)CVE-2019-9512
CVE-2019-9513
CVE-2019-9514
CVE-2019-9515
CVE-2019-9518
CVSS Impact Score7.5 CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H
Affected Releases1.1 to 1.1.12
1.2 to 1.2.3

Envoy, and subsequently Istio are vulnerable to a series of trivial HTTP/2-based DoS attacks:

  • HTTP/2 flood using PING frames and queuing of response PING ACK frames that results in unbounded memory growth (which can lead to out of memory conditions).
  • HTTP/2 flood using PRIORITY frames that results in excessive CPU usage and starvation of other clients.
  • HTTP/2 flood using HEADERS frames with invalid HTTP headers and queuing of response RST_STREAM frames that results in unbounded memory growth (which can lead to out of memory conditions).
  • HTTP/2 flood using SETTINGS frames and queuing of SETTINGS ACK frames that results in unbounded memory growth (which can lead to out of memory conditions).
  • HTTP/2 flood using frames with an empty payload that results in excessive CPU usage and starvation of other clients.

Those vulnerabilities were reported externally and affect multiple proxy implementations. See this security bulletin for more information.

Impact and detection

If Istio terminates externally originated HTTP then it is vulnerable. If Istio is instead fronted by an intermediary that terminates HTTP (e.g., a HTTP load balancer), then that intermediary would protect Istio, assuming the intermediary is not itself vulnerable to the same HTTP/2 exploits.

Mitigation

  • For Istio 1.1.x deployments: update to a Istio 1.1.13 or later.
  • For Istio 1.2.x deployments: update to a Istio 1.2.4 or later.

Reporting vulnerabilities

We’d like to remind our community to follow the vulnerability reporting process to report any bug that can result in a security vulnerability.œ

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