istioctl

Istio configuration command line utility for service operators to debug and diagnose their Istio mesh.

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl analyze

Analyze Istio configuration and print validation messages

istioctl analyze <file>... [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--all-namespaces-AAnalyze all namespaces
--colorDefault true. Disable with '=false' or set $TERM to dumb
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--failure-threshold <Level>The severity level of analysis at which to set a non-zero exit code. Valid values: [Info Warning Error] (default `Error`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--list-analyzers-LList the analyzers available to run. Suppresses normal execution.
--meshConfigFile <string>Overrides the mesh config values to use for analysis. (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of [log json yaml] (default `log`)
--output-threshold <Level>The severity level of analysis at which to display messages. Valid values: [Info Warning Error] (default `Info`)
--recursive-RProcess directory arguments recursively. Useful when you want to analyze related manifests organized within the same directory.
--suppress <stringArray>-SSuppress reporting a message code on a specific resource. Values are supplied in the form <code>=<resource> (e.g. '--suppress "IST0102=DestinationRule primary-dr.default"'). Can be repeated. You can include the wildcard character '*' to support a partial match (e.g. '--suppress "IST0102=DestinationRule *.default" ). (default `[]`)
--timeout <duration>The duration to wait before failing (default `30s`)
--use-kube-kUse live Kubernetes cluster for analysis. Set --use-kube=false to analyze files only.
--verbose-vEnable verbose output

Examples

  # Analyze the current live cluster
  istioctl analyze

  # Analyze the current live cluster, simulating the effect of applying additional yaml files
  istioctl analyze a.yaml b.yaml my-app-config/

  # Analyze the current live cluster, simulating the effect of applying a directory of config recursively
  istioctl analyze --recursive my-istio-config/

  # Analyze yaml files without connecting to a live cluster
  istioctl analyze --use-kube=false a.yaml b.yaml my-app-config/

  # Analyze the current live cluster and suppress PodMissingProxy for pod mypod in namespace 'testing'.
  istioctl analyze -S "IST0103=Pod mypod.testing"

  # Analyze the current live cluster and suppress PodMissingProxy for all pods in namespace 'testing',
  # and suppress MisplacedAnnotation on deployment foobar in namespace default.
  istioctl analyze -S "IST0103=Pod *.testing" -S "IST0107=Deployment foobar.default"

  # List available analyzers
  istioctl analyze -L

istioctl authz

(authz is experimental. Use `istioctl experimental authz`)

istioctl authz [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl bug-report

bug-report selectively captures cluster information and logs into an archive to help diagnose problems. Proxy logs can be filtered using: --include|--exclude ns1,ns2.../dep1,dep2.../pod1,pod2.../cntr1,cntr.../lbl1=val1,lbl2=val2.../ann1=val1,ann2=val2... where ns=namespace, dep=deployment, cntr=container, lbl=label, ann=annotation

The filter spec is interpreted as 'must be in (ns1 OR ns2) AND (dep1 OR dep2) AND (cntr1 OR cntr2)...' The log will be included only if the container matches at least one include filter and does not match any exclude filters. All parts of the filter are optional and can be omitted e.g. ns1//pod1 filters only for namespace ns1 and pod1. All names except label and annotation keys support '*' glob matching pattern.

e.g. --include ns1,ns2 (only namespaces ns1 and ns2) --include n*//p*/l=v* (pods with name beginning with 'p' in namespaces beginning with 'n' and having label 'l' with value beginning with 'v'.)

istioctl bug-report [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--critical-errs <stringSlice>List of comma separated glob patters to match against log error strings. If any pattern matches an error in the log, the logs is given the highest priority for archive inclusion. (default `[]`)
--dir <string>Set a specific directory for temporary artifact storage. (default ``)
--dry-runOnly log commands that would be run, don't fetch or write.
--duration <duration>How far to go back in time from end-time for log entries to include in the archive. Default is infinity. If set, start-time must be unset. (default `0s`)
--end-time <string>End time for the range of log entries to include in the archive. Default is now. (default ``)
--exclude <stringSlice>Spec for which pods' proxy logs to exclude from the archive, after the include spec is processed. See above for format and examples. (default `["kube-system,kube-public"]`)
--filename <string>-fPath to a file containing configuration in YAML format. The file contents are applied over the default values and flag settings, with lists being replaced per JSON merge semantics. (default ``)
--full-secretsIf set, secret contents are included in output.
--ignore-errs <stringSlice>List of comma separated glob patters to match against log error strings. Any error matching these patters is ignored when calculating the log importance heuristic. (default `[]`)
--include <stringSlice>Spec for which pods' proxy logs to include in the archive. See above for format and examples. (default `[]`)
--istio-namespace <string>Namespace where Istio control plane is installed. (default `istio-system`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--start-time <string>Start time for the range of log entries to include in the archive. Default is the infinite past. If set, Since must be unset. (default ``)
--timeout <duration>Maximum amount of time to spend fetching logs. When timeout is reached only the logs captured so far are saved to the archive. (default `30m0s`)

istioctl bug-report version

Prints out build version information

istioctl bug-report version [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>Name of the kubeconfig Context to use. (default ``)
--critical-errs <stringSlice>List of comma separated glob patters to match against log error strings. If any pattern matches an error in the log, the logs is given the highest priority for archive inclusion. (default `[]`)
--dir <string>Set a specific directory for temporary artifact storage. (default ``)
--dry-runOnly log commands that would be run, don't fetch or write.
--duration <duration>How far to go back in time from end-time for log entries to include in the archive. Default is infinity. If set, start-time must be unset. (default `0s`)
--end-time <string>End time for the range of log entries to include in the archive. Default is now. (default ``)
--exclude <stringSlice>Spec for which pods' proxy logs to exclude from the archive, after the include spec is processed. See above for format and examples. (default `["kube-system,kube-public"]`)
--filename <string>-fPath to a file containing configuration in YAML format. The file contents are applied over the default values and flag settings, with lists being replaced per JSON merge semantics. (default ``)
--full-secretsIf set, secret contents are included in output.
--ignore-errs <stringSlice>List of comma separated glob patters to match against log error strings. Any error matching these patters is ignored when calculating the log importance heuristic. (default `[]`)
--include <stringSlice>Spec for which pods' proxy logs to include in the archive. See above for format and examples. (default `[]`)
--istio-namespace <string>Namespace where Istio control plane is installed. (default `istio-system`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cPath to kube config. (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOne of 'yaml' or 'json'. (default ``)
--short-sUse --short=false to generate full version information
--start-time <string>Start time for the range of log entries to include in the archive. Default is the infinite past. If set, Since must be unset. (default ``)
--timeout <duration>Maximum amount of time to spend fetching logs. When timeout is reached only the logs captured so far are saved to the archive. (default `30m0s`)

istioctl convert-ingress

Converts Ingresses into VirtualService configuration on a best effort basis. The output should be considered a starting point for your Istio configuration and probably require some minor modification. Warnings will be generated where configs cannot be converted perfectly. The input must be a Kubernetes Ingress. The conversion of v1alpha1 Istio rules has been removed from istioctl.

istioctl convert-ingress [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--filenames <stringSlice>-fInput filenames (default `[]`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput filename (default `-`)

Examples

istioctl convert-ingress -f samples/bookinfo/platform/kube/bookinfo-ingress.yaml

istioctl dashboard

Access to Istio web UIs

istioctl dashboard [flags]
istioctl dash [flags]
istioctl d [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Address to listen on. Only accepts IP address or localhost as a value. When localhost is supplied, istioctl will try to bind on both 127.0.0.1 and ::1 and will fail if neither of these address are available to bind. (default `localhost`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--port <int>-pLocal port to listen to (default `0`)

istioctl dashboard controlz

Open the ControlZ web UI for a pod in the Istio control plane

istioctl dashboard controlz [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Address to listen on. Only accepts IP address or localhost as a value. When localhost is supplied, istioctl will try to bind on both 127.0.0.1 and ::1 and will fail if neither of these address are available to bind. (default `localhost`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--ctrlz_port <int>ControlZ port (default `9876`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>Namespace where the addon is running, if not specified, istio-system would be used (default `istio-system`)
--port <int>-pLocal port to listen to (default `0`)
--selector <string>-lLabel selector (default ``)

Examples

  # Open ControlZ web UI for the istiod-123-456.istio-system pod
  istioctl dashboard controlz istiod-123-456.istio-system

  # Open ControlZ web UI for any Istiod pod
  istioctl dashboard controlz deployment/istiod.istio-system

  # with short syntax
  istioctl dash controlz pilot-123-456.istio-system
  istioctl d controlz pilot-123-456.istio-system

istioctl dashboard envoy

Open the Envoy admin dashboard for a sidecar

istioctl dashboard envoy [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Address to listen on. Only accepts IP address or localhost as a value. When localhost is supplied, istioctl will try to bind on both 127.0.0.1 and ::1 and will fail if neither of these address are available to bind. (default `localhost`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>Namespace where the addon is running, if not specified, istio-system would be used (default `istio-system`)
--port <int>-pLocal port to listen to (default `0`)
--selector <string>-lLabel selector (default ``)

Examples

  # Open Envoy dashboard for the productpage-123-456.default pod
  istioctl dashboard envoy productpage-123-456.default

  # Open Envoy dashboard for one pod under a deployment
  istioctl dashboard envoy deployment/productpage-v1

  # with short syntax
  istioctl dash envoy productpage-123-456.default
  istioctl d envoy productpage-123-456.default

istioctl dashboard grafana

Open Istio's Grafana dashboard

istioctl dashboard grafana [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Address to listen on. Only accepts IP address or localhost as a value. When localhost is supplied, istioctl will try to bind on both 127.0.0.1 and ::1 and will fail if neither of these address are available to bind. (default `localhost`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>Namespace where the addon is running, if not specified, istio-system would be used (default `istio-system`)
--port <int>-pLocal port to listen to (default `0`)

Examples

  istioctl dashboard grafana

  # with short syntax
  istioctl dash grafana
  istioctl d grafana

istioctl dashboard jaeger

Open Istio's Jaeger dashboard

istioctl dashboard jaeger [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Address to listen on. Only accepts IP address or localhost as a value. When localhost is supplied, istioctl will try to bind on both 127.0.0.1 and ::1 and will fail if neither of these address are available to bind. (default `localhost`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>Namespace where the addon is running, if not specified, istio-system would be used (default `istio-system`)
--port <int>-pLocal port to listen to (default `0`)

Examples

  istioctl dashboard jaeger

  # with short syntax
  istioctl dash jaeger
  istioctl d jaeger

istioctl dashboard kiali

Open Istio's Kiali dashboard

istioctl dashboard kiali [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Address to listen on. Only accepts IP address or localhost as a value. When localhost is supplied, istioctl will try to bind on both 127.0.0.1 and ::1 and will fail if neither of these address are available to bind. (default `localhost`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>Namespace where the addon is running, if not specified, istio-system would be used (default `istio-system`)
--port <int>-pLocal port to listen to (default `0`)

Examples

  istioctl dashboard kiali

  # with short syntax
  istioctl dash kiali
  istioctl d kiali

istioctl dashboard prometheus

Open Istio's Prometheus dashboard

istioctl dashboard prometheus [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Address to listen on. Only accepts IP address or localhost as a value. When localhost is supplied, istioctl will try to bind on both 127.0.0.1 and ::1 and will fail if neither of these address are available to bind. (default `localhost`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>Namespace where the addon is running, if not specified, istio-system would be used (default `istio-system`)
--port <int>-pLocal port to listen to (default `0`)

Examples

  istioctl dashboard prometheus

  # with short syntax
  istioctl dash prometheus
  istioctl d prometheus

istioctl dashboard zipkin

Open Istio's Zipkin dashboard

istioctl dashboard zipkin [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Address to listen on. Only accepts IP address or localhost as a value. When localhost is supplied, istioctl will try to bind on both 127.0.0.1 and ::1 and will fail if neither of these address are available to bind. (default `localhost`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>Namespace where the addon is running, if not specified, istio-system would be used (default `istio-system`)
--port <int>-pLocal port to listen to (default `0`)

Examples

  istioctl dashboard zipkin

  # with short syntax
  istioctl dash zipkin
  istioctl d zipkin

istioctl deregister

De-registers a service instance [Deprecated, it will be removed in Istio 1.9]

istioctl deregister <svcname> <ip> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  # de-register an endpoint 172.17.0.2 from service my-svc:
  istioctl deregister my-svc 172.17.0.2

istioctl experimental

Experimental commands that may be modified or deprecated

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh

'istioctl experimental add-to-mesh' restarts pods with an Istio sidecar or configures meshed pod access to external services. Use 'add-to-mesh' as an alternate to namespace-wide auto injection for troubleshooting compatibility.

The 'remove-from-mesh' command can be used to restart with the sidecar removed.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh [flags]
istioctl experimental add [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--injectConfigFile <string>Injection configuration filename. Cannot be used with --injectConfigMapName (default ``)
--injectConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio sidecar injection, key should be "config". (default `istio-sidecar-injector`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--meshConfigFile <string>Mesh configuration filename. Takes precedence over --meshConfigMapName if set (default ``)
--meshConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio mesh configuration, key should be "mesh" (default `istio`)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--valuesFile <string>Injection values configuration filename. (default ``)

Examples

  # Restart all productpage pods with an Istio sidecar
  istioctl experimental add-to-mesh service productpage

  # Restart just pods from the productpage-v1 deployment
  istioctl experimental add-to-mesh deployment productpage-v1

  # Restart just pods from the details-v1 deployment
  istioctl x add deployment details-v1

  # Control how meshed pods see an external service
  istioctl experimental add-to-mesh external-service vmhttp 172.12.23.125,172.12.23.126 \
   http:9080 tcp:8888 --labels app=test,version=v1 --annotations env=stage --serviceaccount stageAdmin

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh deployment

'istioctl experimental add-to-mesh deployment' restarts pods with the Istio sidecar. Use 'add-to-mesh' to test deployments for compatibility with Istio. It can be used instead of namespace-wide auto-injection of sidecars and is especially helpful for compatibility testing.

If your deployment does not function after using 'add-to-mesh' you must re-deploy it and troubleshoot it for Istio compatibility. See https://istio.io/v1.8/docs/ops/deployment/requirements/

See also 'istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh deployment' which does the reverse.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh deployment <deployment> [flags]
istioctl experimental add-to-mesh deploy <deployment> [flags]
istioctl experimental add-to-mesh dep <deployment> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--injectConfigFile <string>Injection configuration filename. Cannot be used with --injectConfigMapName (default ``)
--injectConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio sidecar injection, key should be "config". (default `istio-sidecar-injector`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--meshConfigFile <string>Mesh configuration filename. Takes precedence over --meshConfigMapName if set (default ``)
--meshConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio mesh configuration, key should be "mesh" (default `istio`)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)
--valuesFile <string>Injection values configuration filename. (default ``)

Examples

  # Restart pods from the productpage-v1 deployment with Istio sidecar
  istioctl experimental add-to-mesh deployment productpage-v1

  # Restart pods from the details-v1 deployment with Istio sidecar
  istioctl x add-to-mesh deploy details-v1

  # Restart pods from the ratings-v1 deployment with Istio sidecar
  istioctl x add dep ratings-v1

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh external-service

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh external-service create a ServiceEntry and a Service without selector for the specified external service in Istio service mesh. The typical usage scenario is Mesh Expansion on VMs.

See also 'istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh external-service' which does the reverse.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh external-service <svcname> <ip> [name1:]port1 [[name2:]port2] ... [flags]
istioctl experimental add-to-mesh es <svcname> <ip> [name1:]port1 [[name2:]port2] ... [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--annotations <stringSlice>-aList of string annotations to apply if creating a service/endpoint; e.g. -a foo=bar,x=y (default `[]`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--injectConfigFile <string>Injection configuration filename. Cannot be used with --injectConfigMapName (default ``)
--injectConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio sidecar injection, key should be "config". (default `istio-sidecar-injector`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--labels <stringSlice>-lList of labels to apply if creating a service/endpoint; e.g. -l env=prod,vers=2 (default `[]`)
--meshConfigFile <string>Mesh configuration filename. Takes precedence over --meshConfigMapName if set (default ``)
--meshConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio mesh configuration, key should be "mesh" (default `istio`)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--serviceaccount <string>-sService account to link to the service (default `default`)
--valuesFile <string>Injection values configuration filename. (default ``)

Examples

 # Control how meshed pods contact 172.12.23.125 and .126
  istioctl experimental add-to-mesh external-service vmhttp 172.12.23.125,172.12.23.126 \
   http:9080 tcp:8888 --labels app=test,version=v1 --annotations env=stage --serviceaccount stageAdmin

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh service

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh service restarts pods with the Istio sidecar. Use 'add-to-mesh' to test deployments for compatibility with Istio. It can be used instead of namespace-wide auto-injection of sidecars and is especially helpful for compatibility testing.

If your service does not function after using 'add-to-mesh' you must re-deploy it and troubleshoot it for Istio compatibility. See https://istio.io/v1.8/docs/ops/deployment/requirements/

See also 'istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh service' which does the reverse.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental add-to-mesh service <service> [flags]
istioctl experimental add-to-mesh svc <service> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--injectConfigFile <string>Injection configuration filename. Cannot be used with --injectConfigMapName (default ``)
--injectConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio sidecar injection, key should be "config". (default `istio-sidecar-injector`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--meshConfigFile <string>Mesh configuration filename. Takes precedence over --meshConfigMapName if set (default ``)
--meshConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio mesh configuration, key should be "mesh" (default `istio`)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)
--valuesFile <string>Injection values configuration filename. (default ``)

Examples

  # Restart all productpage pods with an Istio sidecar
  istioctl experimental add-to-mesh service productpage

  # Restart all details-v1 pods with an Istio sidecar
  istioctl x add-to-mesh svc details-v1

  # Restart all ratings-v1 pods with an Istio sidecar
  istioctl x add svc ratings-v1

istioctl experimental authz

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl experimental authz check

Check prints the AuthorizationPolicy applied to a pod by directly checking the Envoy configuration of the pod. The command is especially useful for inspecting the policy propagation from Istiod to Envoy and the final AuthorizationPolicy list merged from multiple sources (mesh-level, namespace-level and workload-level).

The command also supports reading from a standalone config dump file with flag -f.

istioctl experimental authz check [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--file <string>-fThe json file with Envoy config dump to be checked (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  # Check AuthorizationPolicy applied to pod httpbin-88ddbcfdd-nt5jb:
  istioctl x authz check httpbin-88ddbcfdd-nt5jb

  # Check AuthorizationPolicy applied to one pod under a deployment
  istioctl proxy-status deployment/productpage-v1

  # Check AuthorizationPolicy from Envoy config dump file:
  istioctl x authz check -f httpbin_config_dump.json

istioctl experimental config

Configure istioctl defaults

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  # list configuration parameters
  istioctl config list

istioctl experimental config list

List istio configurable defaults

istioctl experimental config list [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl experimental create-remote-secret

Create a secret with credentials to allow Istio to access remote Kubernetes apiservers

istioctl experimental create-remote-secret [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--auth-plugin-config <stringToString>Authenticator plug-in configuration. --auth-type=plugin must be set with this option (default `[]`)
--auth-plugin-name <string>Authenticator plug-in name. --auth-type=plugin must be set with this option (default ``)
--auth-type <RemoteSecretAuthType>Type of authentication to use. supported values = [bearer-token plugin] (default `bearer-token`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--create-service-accountIf true, the service account needed for creating the remote secret will be created if it doesn't exist.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--name <string>Name of the local cluster whose credentials are stored in the secret. If a name is not specified the kube-system namespace's UUID of the local cluster will be used. (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--service-account <string>Create a secret with this service account's credentials. Use "istio-reader-service-account" as default value if --type is "remote", use "istiod-service-account" as default value if --type is "config". (default ``)
--type <SecretType>Type of the generated secret. supported values = [remote config] (default `remote`)

Examples

  # Create a secret to access cluster c0's apiserver and install it in cluster c1.
  istioctl --kubeconfig=c0.yaml x create-remote-secret --name c0 \
    | kubectl --kubeconfig=c1.yaml apply -f -

  # Delete a secret that was previously installed in c1
  istioctl --kubeconfig=c0.yaml x create-remote-secret --name c0 \
    | kubectl --kubeconfig=c1.yaml delete -f -

  # Create a secret access a remote cluster with an auth plugin
  istioctl --kubeconfig=c0.yaml x create-remote-secret --name c0 --auth-type=plugin --auth-plugin-name=gcp \
    | kubectl --kubeconfig=c1.yaml apply -f -

istioctl experimental describe

Describe resource and related Istio configuration

istioctl experimental describe [flags]
istioctl experimental des [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl experimental describe pod

Analyzes pod, its Services, DestinationRules, and VirtualServices and reports the configuration objects that affect that pod.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental describe pod <pod> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--ignoreUnmeshedSuppress warnings for unmeshed pods
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  istioctl experimental describe pod productpage-v1-c7765c886-7zzd4

istioctl experimental describe service

Analyzes service, pods, DestinationRules, and VirtualServices and reports the configuration objects that affect that service.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental describe service <svc> [flags]
istioctl experimental describe svc <svc> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--ignoreUnmeshedSuppress warnings for unmeshed pods
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  istioctl experimental describe service productpage

istioctl experimental istiod

A group of commands used to manage istiod configuration

istioctl experimental istiod [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--selector <string>-llabel selector (default `app=istiod`)

Examples

  # Retrieve information about istiod configuration.
  istioctl experimental istiod log

istioctl experimental istiod log

Retrieve or update logging levels of istiod components.

istioctl experimental istiod log [<pod-name>] [--level <scope>:<level>][--stack-trace-level <scope>:<level>]|[-r|--reset]|[--output|-o short|yaml] [flags]
istioctl experimental istiod l [<pod-name>] [--level <scope>:<level>][--stack-trace-level <scope>:<level>]|[-r|--reset]|[--output|-o short|yaml] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--ctrlz_port <int>ControlZ port (default `9876`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--level <string>Comma-separated list of output logging level for scopes in format <scope>:<level>[,<scope>:<level>,...]Possible values for <level>: none, error, warn, info, debug (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|short (default `short`)
--reset-rReset levels to default value. (info)
--selector <string>-llabel selector (default `app=istiod`)
--stack-trace-level <string>Comma-separated list of stack trace level for scopes in format <scope>:<stack-trace-level>[,<scope>:<stack-trace-level>,...] Possible values for <stack-trace-level>: none, error, warn, info, debug (default ``)

Examples

  # Retrieve information about istiod logging levels.
  istioctl experimental istiod log

  # Retrieve information about istiod logging levels on a specific control plane pod.
  istioctl experimental istiod l istiod-5c868d8bdd-pmvgg

  # Update levels of the specified loggers.
  istioctl x istiod log --level ads:debug,authorization:debug

  # Reset levels of all the loggers to default value (info).
  istioctl x istiod log -r

istioctl experimental kube-uninject

kube-uninject is used to prevent Istio from adding a sidecar and also provides the inverse of "istioctl kube-inject -f".

istioctl experimental kube-uninject [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--filename <string>-fInput Kubernetes resource filename (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oModified output Kubernetes resource filename (default ``)

Examples

  # Update resources before applying.
  kubectl apply -f <(istioctl experimental kube-uninject -f <resource.yaml>)

  # Create a persistent version of the deployment by removing Envoy sidecar.
  istioctl experimental kube-uninject -f deployment.yaml -o deployment-uninjected.yaml

  # Update an existing deployment.
  kubectl get deployment -o yaml | istioctl experimental kube-uninject -f - | kubectl apply -f -

istioctl experimental metrics

Prints the metrics for the specified service(s) when running in Kubernetes.

This command finds a Prometheus pod running in the specified istio system namespace. It then executes a series of queries per requested workload to find the following top-level workload metrics: total requests per second, error rate, and request latency at p50, p90, and p99 percentiles. The query results are printed to the console, organized by workload name.

All metrics returned are from server-side reports. This means that latencies and error rates are from the perspective of the service itself and not of an individual client (or aggregate set of clients). Rates and latencies are calculated over a time interval of 1 minute.

istioctl experimental metrics <workload name>...
istioctl experimental m <workload name>...
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  # Retrieve workload metrics for productpage-v1 workload
  istioctl experimental metrics productpage-v1

  # Retrieve workload metrics for various services in the different namespaces
  istioctl experimental metrics productpage-v1.foo reviews-v1.bar ratings-v1.baz

istioctl experimental multicluster

Commands to assist in managing a multi-cluster mesh [Deprecated, it will be removed in Istio 1.9]

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl experimental multicluster apply

Update clusters in a multi-cluster mesh based on mesh topology

istioctl experimental multicluster apply  -f <mesh.yaml> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--filename <string>-fFilename of the multicluster mesh description (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl experimental multicluster describe

Describe status of the multi-cluster mesh's control plane'

istioctl experimental multicluster describe -f <mesh.yaml> [--all] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--allDescribe the status of all clustersByContext in the mesh
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--filename <string>-fFilename of the multicluster mesh description (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl experimental multicluster generate

generate a cluster-specific control plane configuration based on the mesh description and runtime state

istioctl experimental multicluster generate -f <mesh.yaml> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--filename <string>-fFilename of the multicluster mesh description (default ``)
--from <string>Optional source configuration to generate multicluster aware configuration from (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--wait-for-gatewaysWait for all cluster's istio-ingressgateway IPs to be ready before generating configuration.

istioctl experimental post-install

Commands related to post-install

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl experimental post-install webhook

webhook command to manage webhook configurations [Deprecated, it will be removed in Istio 1.9]

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl experimental post-install webhook disable

Disable webhook configurations

istioctl experimental post-install webhook disable [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--injectionDisable mutating webhook (default true).
--injection-config <string>The mutating webhook configuration to disable. (default `istio-sidecar-injector`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--validationDisable validating webhook (default true).
--validation-config <string>The validating webhook configuration to disable. (default `istio-galley`)

Examples

  # Disable all webhooks
  istioctl experimental post-install webhook disable

  # Disable all webhooks except injection
  istioctl experimental post-install webhook disable --injection=false

istioctl experimental post-install webhook enable

This command is used to enable webhook configurations after installing Istio. For previous Istio versions (e.g., 1.2, 1.3, etc), this command is not needed because in previous versions webhooks manage their own configurations.

istioctl experimental post-install webhook enable [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--ca-bundle-file <string>PEM encoded CA bundle which will be used to validate the webhook's server certificates. If this is empty, the kube-apisever's root CA is used if it can be confirmed to have signed the webhook's certificates. This condition is sometimes true but is not guaranteed (see https://kubernetes.io/docs/reference/command-line-tools-reference/kubelet-tls-bootstrapping) (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--injectionEnable injection webhook (default true).
--injection-path <string>The file path of the injection webhook configuration. (default ``)
--injection-service <string>The service name of the injection webhook to manage. (default `istio-pilot`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--read-cert-timeout <duration>Max time for waiting the webhook certificate to be readable. (default `1m0s`)
--timeout <duration>Max time for checking the validating webhook server. If the validating webhook server is not readyin the given time, exit. Otherwise, apply the webhook configuration. (default `1m0s`)
--validationEnable validatation webhook (default true).
--validation-path <string>The file path of the validation webhook configuration. (default ``)
--validation-service <string>The service name of the validation webhook to manage. (default `istio-galley`)
--webhook-secret <string>The name of an existing Kubernetes secret of a webhook. istioctl will verify that the webhook certificate is issued by the CA certificate. (default ``)

Examples

  # Enable the webhook configuration of Galley with the given webhook configuration
  istioctl experimental post-install webhook enable --validation --webhook-secret istio.webhook.galley 
    --namespace istio-system --validation-path validatingwebhookconfiguration.yaml

  # Enable the webhook configuration of Galley with the given webhook configuration and CA certificate
  istioctl experimental post-install webhook enable --validation --webhook-secret istio.webhook.galley 
    --namespace istio-system --validation-path validatingwebhookconfiguration.yaml --ca-bundle-file ./k8s-ca-cert.pem

istioctl experimental post-install webhook status

Get webhook configurations

istioctl experimental post-install webhook status [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--injectionDisplay the injection webhook configuration.
--injection-config <string>The name of the MutatingWebhookConfiguration to display. (default `istio-sidecar-injector`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--validationDisplay the validating webhook configuration.
--validation-config <string>The name of the ValidatingWebhookConfiguration to display. (default `istio-galley`)

Examples

  # Display the webhook configuration of Galley
  istioctl experimental post-install webhook status --validation --validation-config istio-galley

  # Display the webhook configuration of Galley and Sidecar Injector
  istioctl experimental post-install webhook status --validation --validation-config istio-galley 
    --injection --injection-config istio-sidecar-injector

istioctl experimental precheck

precheck inspects a Kubernetes cluster for Istio install requirements.

istioctl experimental precheck [-f <deployment or istio operator file>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--filename <stringSlice>-fIstio YAML installation file. (default `[]`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--recursive-RProcess the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)

Examples

  # Verify that Istio can be installed
  istioctl experimental precheck

  # Verify the deployment matches a custom Istio deployment configuration
  istioctl x precheck --set profile=demo

  # Verify the deployment matches the Istio Operator deployment definition
  istioctl x precheck -f iop.yaml

istioctl experimental proxy-status

Retrieves last sent and last acknowledged xDS sync from Istiod to each Envoy in the mesh

istioctl experimental proxy-status [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl experimental ps [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--authority <string>XDS Subject Alternative Name (for example istiod.istio-system.svc) (default ``)
--cert-dir <string>XDS Endpoint certificate directory (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--insecureSkip server certificate and domain verification. (NOT SECURE!)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--plaintextUse plain-text HTTP/2 when connecting to server (no TLS).
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)
--timeout <duration>The duration to wait before failing (default `30s`)
--xds-address <string>XDS Endpoint (default ``)
--xds-label <string>Istiod pod label selector (default ``)
--xds-port <int>Istiod pod port (default `15012`)

Examples

  # Retrieve sync status for all Envoys in a mesh
  istioctl x proxy-status

  # Retrieve sync diff for a single Envoy and Istiod
  istioctl x proxy-status istio-egressgateway-59585c5b9c-ndc59.istio-system

  # SECURITY OPTIONS

  # Retrieve proxy status information directly from the control plane, using token security
  # (This is the usual way to get the proxy-status with an out-of-cluster control plane.)
  istioctl x ps --xds-address istio.cloudprovider.example.com:15012

  # Retrieve proxy status information via Kubernetes config, using token security
  # (This is the usual way to get the proxy-status with an in-cluster control plane.)
  istioctl x proxy-status

  # Retrieve proxy status information directly from the control plane, using RSA certificate security
  # (Certificates must be obtained before this step.  The --cert-dir flag lets istioctl bypass the Kubernetes API server.)
  istioctl x ps --xds-address istio.example.com:15012 --cert-dir ~/.istio-certs

  # Retrieve proxy status information via XDS from specific control plane in multi-control plane in-cluster configuration
  # (Select a specific control plane in an in-cluster canary Istio configuration.)
  istioctl x ps --xds-label istio.io/rev=default

istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh

'istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh' restarts pods without an Istio sidecar or removes external service access configuration. Use 'remove-from-mesh' to quickly test uninjected behavior as part of compatibility troubleshooting. The 'add-to-mesh' command can be used to add or restore the sidecar.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh [flags]
istioctl experimental rm [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  # Restart all productpage pods without an Istio sidecar
  istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh service productpage

  # Restart all details-v1 pods without an Istio sidecar
  istioctl x rm service details-v1

  # Restart all ratings-v1 pods without an Istio sidecar
  istioctl x rm deploy ratings-v1

istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh deployment

'istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh deployment' restarts pods with the Istio sidecar un-injected. 'remove-from-mesh' is a compatibility troubleshooting tool.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh deployment <deployment> [flags]
istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh deploy <deployment> [flags]
istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh dep <deployment> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  # Restart all productpage-v1 pods without an Istio sidecar
  istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh deployment productpage-v1

  # Restart all details-v1 pods without an Istio sidecar
  istioctl x remove-from-mesh deploy details-v1

  # Restart all ratings-v1 pods without an Istio sidecar
  istioctl x rm dep ratings-v1

istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh external-service

'istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh external-service' removes the ServiceEntry and the Kubernetes Service for the specified external service (e.g. services running on a VM) from Istio service mesh. The typical usage scenario is Mesh Expansion on VMs.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh external-service <svcname> [flags]
istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh es <svcname> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  # Remove "vmhttp" service entry rules
  istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh external-service vmhttp

  # Remove "vmhttp" service entry rules
  istioctl x remove-from-mesh es vmhttp

  # Remove "vmhttp" service entry rules
  istioctl x rm es vmhttp

istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh service

'istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh service' restarts pods with the Istio sidecar un-injected. 'remove-from-mesh' is a compatibility troubleshooting tool.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh service <service> [flags]
istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh svc <service> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  # Restart all productpage pods without an Istio sidecar
  istioctl experimental remove-from-mesh service productpage

  # Restart all details-v1 pods without an Istio sidecar
  istioctl x remove-from-mesh svc details-v1

  # Restart all ratings-v1 pods without an Istio sidecar
  istioctl x rm svc ratings-v1

istioctl experimental sidecar-bootstrap

(experimental) Takes in one or more WorkloadEntries generates identities for them, and copies to the particular identities to the workloads over SSH. Optionally allowing for saving the certificates locally for use in CI like environments, and starting istio-proxy where no special configuration is needed. This allows for workloads to participate in the Istio mesh.

To autenticate to a remote node you can use either SSH Keys, or SSH Passwords. If using passwords you must have a TTY for you to be asked your password, we do not accept an argument for it so it cannot be left inside your shell history.

Copying is performed with scp, and as such is required if you'd like to copy a file over. If SCP is not at the standard path "/usr/bin/scp", you should provide it's location with the "--remote-scp-path" option.

In order to start Istio on the remote node you must have docker installed on the remote node. Istio will be started on the host network as a docker container in capture mode.

istioctl experimental sidecar-bootstrap <workloadEntry>.<namespace> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--all-aAttempt to bootstrap all workload entries
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--duration <duration>(experimental) Duration the certificates generated are valid for. (default `8760h0m0s`)
--ignore-host-keys(experimental) Ignore host keys on the remote host
--istio-image <string>(experimental) The Istio proxy image to start up when starting Istio (default `istio/proxyv2:latest`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--local-dir <string>-dDirectory to place certs in locally as opposed to copying (default ``)
--mutual-tls(experimental) Enable mutual TLS if starting Istio-Proxy.
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--organization <string>-o(experimental) The organization to use on the certificate, defaults to the same as the root cert. (default ``)
--remote-directory <string>(experimental) The directory to create on the remote machine. (default `/var/run/istio`)
--remote-scp-path <string>(experimental) The scp binary location on the target machine if not at /usr/bin/scp (default `/usr/bin/scp`)
--spiffe-trust-domain <string>(experimental) The SPIFFE trust domain for the generated certs (default ``)
--ssh-key <string>-k(experimental) The location of the SSH key (default ``)
--ssh-port <int>(experimental) The port to SSH to the machine on (default `22`)
--ssh-user <string>-u(experimental) The user to SSH as, defaults to the current user (default ``)
--start-istio-proxyStart Istio proxy on a remote host after copying certs
--timeout <duration>(experimental) The timeout for copying certificates (default `1m0s`)

Examples

  # Copy certificates to a WorkloadEntry named "we" in the "ns" namespace:
  istioctl x sidecar-bootstrap we.ns

  # Copy certificates, and start istio to a WorkloadEntry named "we" in the "ns" namespace:
  istioctl x sidecar-bootstrap we.ns --start-istio-proxy

  # Generate Certs locally, but do not copy them to a WorkloadEntry named "we" in the "ns" namespace:
  istioctl x sidecar-bootstrap we.ns --local-dir path/where/i/want/certs/

istioctl experimental uninstall

The uninstall command uninstalls Istio from a cluster

istioctl experimental uninstall [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--filename <string>-fThe filename of the IstioOperator CR. (default ``)
--forceProceed even with validation errors.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--purgeDelete all Istio related sources for all versions
--revision <string>-rTarget control plane revision for the command. (default ``)
--set <stringArray>-sOverride an IstioOperator value, e.g. to choose a profile (--set profile=demo), enable or disable components (--set components.policy.enabled=true), or override Istio settings (--set meshConfig.enableTracing=true). See documentation for more info:https://istio.io/v1.8/docs/reference/config/istio.operator.v1alpha1/#IstioOperatorSpec (default `[]`)
--skip-confirmation-yThe skipConfirmation determines whether the user is prompted for confirmation. If set to true, the user is not prompted and a Yes response is assumed in all cases.
--verbose-vVerbose output.

Examples

  # Uninstall a single control plane by revision
  istioctl x uninstall --revision foo

  # Uninstall a single control plane by iop file
  istioctl x uninstall -f iop.yaml
  
  # Uninstall all control planes and shared resources
  istioctl x uninstall --purge

istioctl experimental version

Prints out build version information

istioctl experimental version [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--authority <string>XDS Subject Alternative Name (for example istiod.istio-system.svc) (default ``)
--cert-dir <string>XDS Endpoint certificate directory (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--insecureSkip server certificate and domain verification. (NOT SECURE!)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOne of 'yaml' or 'json'. (default ``)
--plaintextUse plain-text HTTP/2 when connecting to server (no TLS).
--remoteUse --remote=false to suppress control plane check
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)
--short-sUse --short=false to generate full version information
--timeout <duration>The duration to wait before failing (default `30s`)
--xds-address <string>XDS Endpoint (default ``)
--xds-label <string>Istiod pod label selector (default ``)
--xds-port <int>Istiod pod port (default `15012`)

Examples

# Retrieve version information directly from the control plane, using token security
# (This is the usual way to get the control plane version with an out-of-cluster control plane.)
istioctl x version --xds-address istio.cloudprovider.example.com:15012

# Retrieve version information via Kubernetes config, using token security
# (This is the usual way to get the control plane version with an in-cluster control plane.)
istioctl x version

# Retrieve version information directly from the control plane, using RSA certificate security
# (Certificates must be obtained before this step.  The --cert-dir flag lets istioctl bypass the Kubernetes API server.)
istioctl x version --xds-address istio.example.com:15012 --cert-dir ~/.istio-certs

# Retrieve version information via XDS from specific control plane in multi-control plane in-cluster configuration
# (Select a specific control plane in an in-cluster canary Istio configuration.)
istioctl x version --xds-label istio.io/rev=default

istioctl experimental wait

Waits for the specified condition to be true of an Istio resource.

istioctl experimental wait [flags] <type> <name>[.<namespace>]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--for <string>Wait condition, must be 'distribution' or 'delete' (default `distribution`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--resource-version <string>Wait for a specific version of config to become current, rather than using whatever is latest in kubernetes (default ``)
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)
--threshold <float32>The ratio of distribution required for success (default `1`)
--timeout <duration>The duration to wait before failing (default `30s`)

Examples

  # Wait until the bookinfo virtual service has been distributed to all proxies in the mesh
  istioctl experimental wait --for=distribution virtualservice bookinfo.default

  # Wait until 99% of the proxies receive the distribution, timing out after 5 minutes
  istioctl experimental wait --for=distribution --threshold=.99 --timeout=300 virtualservice bookinfo.default

istioctl experimental workload

Commands to assist in configuring and deploying workloads running on VMs and other non-Kubernetes environments

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

  # workload group yaml generation
  workload group create

  # workload entry configuration generation
  workload entry configure

istioctl experimental workload entry

Commands dealing with WorkloadEntry resources

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

entry configure -f workloadgroup.yaml -o outputDir

istioctl experimental workload entry configure

Generates all the required configuration files for workload instance on a VM or non-Kubernetes environment from a WorkloadGroup artifact. This includes a MeshConfig resource, the cluster.env file, and necessary certificates and security tokens. Configure requires either the WorkloadGroup artifact path or its location on the API server.

istioctl experimental workload entry configure [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--autoregisterCreates a WorkloadEntry upon connection to istiod (if enabled in pilot).
--capture-dnsEnables the capture of outgoing DNS packets on port 53, redirecting to istio-agent
--clusterID <string>The ID used to identify the cluster (default `Kubernetes`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--file <string>-ffilename of the WorkloadGroup artifact. Leave this field empty if using the API server (default ``)
--ingressIP <string>IP address of the ingress gateway (default ``)
--ingressService <string>Name of the Service to be used as the ingress gateway, in the format <service>.<namespace>. If no namespace is provided, the default istio-system namespace will be used. (default `istio-eastwestgateway`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--name <string>The name of the workload group (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput directory for generated files (default ``)
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)
--tokenDuration <int>The token duration in seconds (default: 1 hour) (default `3600`)

Examples

  # configure example using a local WorkloadGroup artifact
  configure -f workloadgroup.yaml -o config

  # configure example using the API server
  configure --name foo --namespace bar -o config

istioctl experimental workload group

Commands dealing with WorkloadGroup resources

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

group create --name foo --namespace bar --labels app=foobar

istioctl experimental workload group create

Creates a WorkloadGroup resource that provides a template for associated WorkloadEntries. The default output is serialized YAML, which can be piped into 'kubectl apply -f -' to send the artifact to the API Server.

istioctl experimental workload group create [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--annotations <stringSlice>-aThe annotations to apply to the workload instances (default `[]`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--labels <stringSlice>-lThe labels to apply to the workload instances; e.g. -l env=prod,vers=2 (default `[]`)
--name <string>The name of the workload group (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--ports <stringSlice>-pThe incoming ports exposed by the workload instance (default `[]`)
--serviceAccount <string>-sThe service identity to associate with the workload instances (default `default`)

Examples

create --name foo --namespace bar --labels app=foo,bar=baz --ports grpc=3550,http=8080 --annotations annotation=foobar --serviceAccount sa

istioctl install

The install command generates an Istio install manifest and applies it to a cluster.

istioctl install [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--charts <string>Deprecated, use --manifests instead. (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--filename <stringSlice>-fPath to file containing IstioOperator custom resource This flag can be specified multiple times to overlay multiple files. Multiple files are overlaid in left to right order. (default `[]`)
--forceProceed even with validation errors.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--readiness-timeout <duration>Maximum time to wait for Istio resources in each component to be ready. (default `5m0s`)
--revision <string>-rTarget control plane revision for the command. (default ``)
--set <stringArray>-sOverride an IstioOperator value, e.g. to choose a profile (--set profile=demo), enable or disable components (--set components.policy.enabled=true), or override Istio settings (--set meshConfig.enableTracing=true). See documentation for more info:https://istio.io/v1.8/docs/reference/config/istio.operator.v1alpha1/#IstioOperatorSpec (default `[]`)
--skip-confirmation-yThe skipConfirmation determines whether the user is prompted for confirmation. If set to true, the user is not prompted and a Yes response is assumed in all cases.

Examples

  # Apply a default Istio installation
  istioctl install

  # Enable Tracing
  istioctl install --set meshConfig.enableTracing=true

  # Generate the demo profile and don't wait for confirmation
  istioctl install --set profile=demo --skip-confirmation

  # To override a setting that includes dots, escape them with a backslash (\).  Your shell may require enclosing quotes.
  istioctl install --set "values.sidecarInjectorWebhook.injectedAnnotations.container\.apparmor\.security\.beta\.kubernetes\.io/istio-proxy=runtime/default"

istioctl kube-inject

kube-inject manually injects the Envoy sidecar into Kubernetes workloads. Unsupported resources are left unmodified so it is safe to run kube-inject over a single file that contains multiple Service, ConfigMap, Deployment, etc. definitions for a complex application. It's best to do this when the resource is initially created.

k8s.io/docs/concepts/workloads/pods/pod-overview/#pod-templates is updated for Job, DaemonSet, ReplicaSet, Pod and Deployment YAML resource documents. Support for additional pod-based resource types can be added as necessary.

The Istio project is continually evolving so the Istio sidecar configuration may change unannounced. When in doubt re-run istioctl kube-inject on deployments to get the most up-to-date changes.

istioctl kube-inject [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--filename <string>-fInput Kubernetes resource filename (default ``)
--injectConfigFile <string>Injection configuration filename. Cannot be used with --injectConfigMapName (default ``)
--injectConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio sidecar injection, key should be "config". (default `istio-sidecar-injector`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--meshConfigFile <string>Mesh configuration filename. Takes precedence over --meshConfigMapName if set (default ``)
--meshConfigMapName <string>ConfigMap name for Istio mesh configuration, key should be "mesh" (default `istio`)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oModified output Kubernetes resource filename (default ``)
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)
--valuesFile <string>injection values configuration filename. (default ``)

Examples

  # Update resources on the fly before applying.
  kubectl apply -f <(istioctl kube-inject -f <resource.yaml>)

  # Create a persistent version of the deployment with Envoy sidecar injected.
  istioctl kube-inject -f deployment.yaml -o deployment-injected.yaml

  # Update an existing deployment.
  kubectl get deployment -o yaml | istioctl kube-inject -f - | kubectl apply -f -

  # Capture cluster configuration for later use with kube-inject
  kubectl -n istio-system get cm istio-sidecar-injector  -o jsonpath="{.data.config}" > /tmp/inj-template.tmpl
  kubectl -n istio-system get cm istio -o jsonpath="{.data.mesh}" > /tmp/mesh.yaml
  kubectl -n istio-system get cm istio-sidecar-injector -o jsonpath="{.data.values}" > /tmp/values.json

  # Use kube-inject based on captured configuration
  istioctl kube-inject -f samples/bookinfo/platform/kube/bookinfo.yaml \
    --injectConfigFile /tmp/inj-template.tmpl \
    --meshConfigFile /tmp/mesh.yaml \
    --valuesFile /tmp/values.json

istioctl manifest

The manifest command generates and diffs Istio manifests.

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl manifest diff

The diff subcommand compares manifests from two files or directories.

istioctl manifest diff <file|dir> <file|dir> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--directory-rCompare directory.
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--ignore <string>Ignore all listed items during comparison, using the same list format as selectResources. (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--rename <string>Rename resources before comparison. The format of each renaming pair is A->B, all renaming pairs are comma separated. e.g. Service:*:istiod->Service:*:istio-control - rename istiod service into istio-control (default ``)
--select <string>Constrain the list of resources to compare to only the ones in this list, ignoring all others. The format of each list item is "::" and the items are comma separated. The "*" character represents wildcard selection. e.g. Deployment:istio-system:* - compare all deployments in istio-system namespace Service:*:istiod - compare Services called "istiod" in all namespaces (default `::`)
--verbose-vVerbose output.

istioctl manifest generate

The generate subcommand generates an Istio install manifest and outputs to the console by default.

istioctl manifest generate [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--charts <string>Deprecated, use --manifests instead. (default ``)
--component <stringSlice>Specify which component to generate manifests for. (default `[]`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--filename <stringSlice>-fPath to file containing IstioOperator custom resource This flag can be specified multiple times to overlay multiple files. Multiple files are overlaid in left to right order. (default `[]`)
--forceProceed even with validation errors.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oManifest output directory path. (default ``)
--revision <string>-rTarget control plane revision for the command. (default ``)
--set <stringArray>-sOverride an IstioOperator value, e.g. to choose a profile (--set profile=demo), enable or disable components (--set components.policy.enabled=true), or override Istio settings (--set meshConfig.enableTracing=true). See documentation for more info:https://istio.io/v1.8/docs/reference/config/istio.operator.v1alpha1/#IstioOperatorSpec (default `[]`)

Examples

  # Generate a default Istio installation
  istioctl manifest generate

  # Enable Tracing
  istioctl install --set meshConfig.enableTracing=true

  # Generate the demo profile
  istioctl manifest generate --set profile=demo

  # To override a setting that includes dots, escape them with a backslash (\).  Your shell may require enclosing quotes.
  istioctl manifest generate --set "values.sidecarInjectorWebhook.injectedAnnotations.container\.apparmor\.security\.beta\.kubernetes\.io/istio-proxy=runtime/default"

istioctl manifest install

The install command generates an Istio install manifest and applies it to a cluster.

istioctl manifest install [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--charts <string>Deprecated, use --manifests instead. (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--filename <stringSlice>-fPath to file containing IstioOperator custom resource This flag can be specified multiple times to overlay multiple files. Multiple files are overlaid in left to right order. (default `[]`)
--forceProceed even with validation errors.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--readiness-timeout <duration>Maximum time to wait for Istio resources in each component to be ready. (default `5m0s`)
--revision <string>-rTarget control plane revision for the command. (default ``)
--set <stringArray>-sOverride an IstioOperator value, e.g. to choose a profile (--set profile=demo), enable or disable components (--set components.policy.enabled=true), or override Istio settings (--set meshConfig.enableTracing=true). See documentation for more info:https://istio.io/v1.8/docs/reference/config/istio.operator.v1alpha1/#IstioOperatorSpec (default `[]`)
--skip-confirmation-yThe skipConfirmation determines whether the user is prompted for confirmation. If set to true, the user is not prompted and a Yes response is assumed in all cases.

Examples

  # Apply a default Istio installation
  istioctl install

  # Enable Tracing
  istioctl install --set meshConfig.enableTracing=true

  # Generate the demo profile and don't wait for confirmation
  istioctl install --set profile=demo --skip-confirmation

  # To override a setting that includes dots, escape them with a backslash (\).  Your shell may require enclosing quotes.
  istioctl install --set "values.sidecarInjectorWebhook.injectedAnnotations.container\.apparmor\.security\.beta\.kubernetes\.io/istio-proxy=runtime/default"

istioctl operator

The operator command installs, dumps, removes and shows the status of the operator controller.

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl operator dump

The dump subcommand dumps the Istio operator controller manifest.

istioctl operator dump [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--charts <string>Deprecated, use --manifests instead. (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--hub <string>The hub for the operator controller image. (default `unknown`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--operatorNamespace <string>The namespace the operator controller is installed into. (default `istio-operator`)
--revision <string>-rTarget control plane revision for the command. (default ``)
--tag <string>The tag for the operator controller image. (default `unknown`)

istioctl operator init

The init subcommand installs the Istio operator controller in the cluster.

istioctl operator init [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--charts <string>Deprecated, use --manifests instead. (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--filename <string>-fPath to file containing IstioOperator custom resource This flag can be specified multiple times to overlay multiple files. Multiple files are overlaid in left to right order. (default ``)
--hub <string>The hub for the operator controller image. (default `unknown`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--operatorNamespace <string>The namespace the operator controller is installed into. (default `istio-operator`)
--revision <string>-rTarget control plane revision for the command. (default ``)
--tag <string>The tag for the operator controller image. (default `unknown`)
--watchedNamespaces <string>The namespaces the operator controller watches, could be namespace list separated by comma, eg. 'ns1,ns2' (default `istio-system`)

istioctl operator remove

The remove subcommand removes the Istio operator controller from the cluster.

istioctl operator remove [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--forceProceed even with validation errors.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--operatorNamespace <string>The namespace the operator controller is installed into. (default `istio-operator`)
--revision <string>-rTarget control plane revision for the command. (default ``)

istioctl options

Displays istioctl global options

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl profile

The profile command lists, dumps or diffs Istio configuration profiles.

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

Examples

istioctl profile list
istioctl install --set profile=demo  # Use a profile from the list

istioctl profile diff

The diff subcommand displays the differences between two Istio configuration profiles.

istioctl profile diff <file1.yaml> <file2.yaml> [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--charts <string>Deprecated, use --manifests instead. (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl profile dump

The dump subcommand dumps the values in an Istio configuration profile.

istioctl profile dump [<profile>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--charts <string>Deprecated, use --manifests instead. (default ``)
--config-path <string>-pThe path the root of the configuration subtree to dump e.g. components.pilot. By default, dump whole tree (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--filename <stringSlice>-fPath to file containing IstioOperator custom resource This flag can be specified multiple times to overlay multiple files. Multiple files are overlaid in left to right order. (default `[]`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|yaml|flags (default `yaml`)

istioctl profile list

The list subcommand lists the available Istio configuration profiles.

istioctl profile list [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--charts <string>Deprecated, use --manifests instead. (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)

istioctl proxy-config

A group of commands used to retrieve information about proxy configuration from the Envoy config dump

FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|short (default `short`)

Examples

  # Retrieve information about proxy configuration from an Envoy instance.
  istioctl proxy-config <clusters|listeners|routes|endpoints|bootstrap> <pod-name[.namespace]>

istioctl proxy-config bootstrap

Retrieve information about bootstrap configuration for the Envoy instance in the specified pod.

istioctl proxy-config bootstrap [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config b [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--file <string>-fEnvoy config dump JSON file (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|short (default `short`)

Examples

  # Retrieve full bootstrap configuration for a given pod from Envoy.
  istioctl proxy-config bootstrap <pod-name[.namespace]>

  # Retrieve full bootstrap without using Kubernetes API
  ssh <user@hostname> 'curl localhost:15000/config_dump' > envoy-config.json
  istioctl proxy-config bootstrap --file envoy-config.json

istioctl proxy-config cluster

Retrieve information about cluster configuration for the Envoy instance in the specified pod.

istioctl proxy-config cluster [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config clusters [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config c [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--direction <string>Filter clusters by Direction field (default ``)
--file <string>-fEnvoy config dump JSON file (default ``)
--fqdn <string>Filter clusters by substring of Service FQDN field (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|short (default `short`)
--port <int>Filter clusters by Port field (default `0`)
--subset <string>Filter clusters by substring of Subset field (default ``)

Examples

  # Retrieve summary about cluster configuration for a given pod from Envoy.
  istioctl proxy-config clusters <pod-name[.namespace]>

  # Retrieve cluster summary for clusters with port 9080.
  istioctl proxy-config clusters <pod-name[.namespace]> --port 9080

  # Retrieve full cluster dump for clusters that are inbound with a FQDN of details.default.svc.cluster.local.
  istioctl proxy-config clusters <pod-name[.namespace]> --fqdn details.default.svc.cluster.local --direction inbound -o json

  # Retrieve cluster summary without using Kubernetes API
  ssh <user@hostname> 'curl localhost:15000/config_dump' > envoy-config.json
  istioctl proxy-config clusters --file envoy-config.json

istioctl proxy-config endpoint

Retrieve information about endpoint configuration for the Envoy instance in the specified pod.

istioctl proxy-config endpoint [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config endpoints [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config ep [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Filter endpoints by address field (default ``)
--cluster <string>Filter endpoints by cluster name field (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--file <string>-fEnvoy config dump JSON file (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|short (default `short`)
--port <int>Filter endpoints by Port field (default `0`)
--status <string>Filter endpoints by status field (default ``)

Examples

  # Retrieve full endpoint configuration for a given pod from Envoy.
  istioctl proxy-config endpoint <pod-name[.namespace]>

  # Retrieve endpoint summary for endpoint with port 9080.
  istioctl proxy-config endpoint <pod-name[.namespace]> --port 9080

  # Retrieve full endpoint with a address (172.17.0.2).
  istioctl proxy-config endpoint <pod-name[.namespace]> --address 172.17.0.2 -o json

  # Retrieve full endpoint with a cluster name (outbound|9411||zipkin.istio-system.svc.cluster.local).
  istioctl proxy-config endpoint <pod-name[.namespace]> --cluster "outbound|9411||zipkin.istio-system.svc.cluster.local" -o json
  # Retrieve full endpoint with the status (healthy).
  istioctl proxy-config endpoint <pod-name[.namespace]> --status healthy -ojson

  # Retrieve endpoint summary without using Kubernetes API
  ssh <user@hostname> 'curl localhost:15000/clusters?format=json' > envoy-clusters.json
  istioctl proxy-config endpoints --file envoy-clusters.json

istioctl proxy-config listener

Retrieve information about listener configuration for the Envoy instance in the specified pod.

istioctl proxy-config listener [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config listeners [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config l [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--address <string>Filter listeners by address field (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--file <string>-fEnvoy config dump JSON file (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|short (default `short`)
--port <int>Filter listeners by Port field (default `0`)
--type <string>Filter listeners by type field (default ``)
--verboseOutput more information

Examples

  # Retrieve summary about listener configuration for a given pod from Envoy.
  istioctl proxy-config listeners <pod-name[.namespace]>

  # Retrieve listener summary for listeners with port 9080.
  istioctl proxy-config listeners <pod-name[.namespace]> --port 9080

  # Retrieve full listener dump for HTTP listeners with a wildcard address (0.0.0.0).
  istioctl proxy-config listeners <pod-name[.namespace]> --type HTTP --address 0.0.0.0 -o json

  # Retrieve listener summary without using Kubernetes API
  ssh <user@hostname> 'curl localhost:15000/config_dump' > envoy-config.json
  istioctl proxy-config listeners --file envoy-config.json

istioctl proxy-config log

(experimental) Retrieve information about logging levels of the Envoy instance in the specified pod, and update optionally

istioctl proxy-config log [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config o [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--level <string>Comma-separated minimum per-logger level of messages to output, in the form of [<logger>:]<level>,[<logger>:]<level>,... where logger can be one of admin, aws, assert, backtrace, client, config, connection, conn_handler, dubbo, file, filter, forward_proxy, grpc, hc, health_checker, http, http2, hystrix, init, io, jwt, kafka, lua, main, misc, mongo, quic, pool, rbac, redis, router, runtime, stats, secret, tap, testing, thrift, tracing, upstream, udp, wasm and level can be one of [trace, debug, info, warning, error, critical, off] (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|short (default `short`)
--reset-rReset levels to default value (warning).

Examples

  # Retrieve information about logging levels for a given pod from Envoy.
  istioctl proxy-config log <pod-name[.namespace]>

  # Update levels of the all loggers
  istioctl proxy-config log <pod-name[.namespace]> --level none

  # Update levels of the specified loggers.
  istioctl proxy-config log <pod-name[.namespace]> --level http:debug,redis:debug

  # Reset levels of all the loggers to default value (warning).
  istioctl proxy-config log <pod-name[.namespace]> -r

istioctl proxy-config route

Retrieve information about route configuration for the Envoy instance in the specified pod.

istioctl proxy-config route [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config routes [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config r [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--file <string>-fEnvoy config dump JSON file (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--name <string>Filter listeners by route name field (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|short (default `short`)
--verboseOutput more information

Examples

  # Retrieve summary about route configuration for a given pod from Envoy.
  istioctl proxy-config routes <pod-name[.namespace]>

  # Retrieve route summary for route 9080.
  istioctl proxy-config route <pod-name[.namespace]> --name 9080

  # Retrieve full route dump for route 9080
  istioctl proxy-config route <pod-name[.namespace]> --name 9080 -o json

  # Retrieve route summary without using Kubernetes API
  ssh <user@hostname> 'curl localhost:15000/config_dump' > envoy-config.json
  istioctl proxy-config routes --file envoy-config.json

istioctl proxy-config secret

(experimental) Retrieve information about secret configuration for the Envoy instance in the specified pod.

THIS COMMAND IS UNDER ACTIVE DEVELOPMENT AND NOT READY FOR PRODUCTION USE.

istioctl proxy-config secret [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl proxy-config s [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--file <string>-fEnvoy config dump JSON file (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOutput format: one of json|short (default `short`)

Examples

  # Retrieve full secret configuration for a given pod from Envoy.
  istioctl proxy-config secret <pod-name[.namespace]>

  # Retrieve full bootstrap without using Kubernetes API
  ssh <user@hostname> 'curl localhost:15000/config_dump' > envoy-config.json
  istioctl proxy-config secret --file envoy-config.json

istioctl proxy-status

Retrieves last sent and last acknowledged xDS sync from Istiod to each Envoy in the mesh

istioctl proxy-status [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
istioctl ps [<type>/]<name>[.<namespace>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--file <string>-fEnvoy config dump JSON file (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)

Examples

  # Retrieve sync status for all Envoys in a mesh
  istioctl proxy-status

  # Retrieve sync diff for a single Envoy and Istiod
  istioctl proxy-status istio-egressgateway-59585c5b9c-ndc59.istio-system

  # Retrieve sync diff between Istiod and one pod under a deployment
  istioctl proxy-status deployment/productpage-v1

  # Write proxy config-dump to file, and compare to Istio control plane
  kubectl port-forward -n istio-system istio-egressgateway-59585c5b9c-ndc59 15000 &
  curl localhost:15000/config_dump > cd.json
  istioctl proxy-status istio-egressgateway-59585c5b9c-ndc59.istio-system --file cd.json

istioctl register

Registers a service instance (e.g. VM) joining the mesh [Deprecated, it will be removed in Istio 1.9]

istioctl register <svcname> <ip> [name1:]port1 [name2:]port2 ... [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--annotations <stringSlice>-aList of string annotations to apply if creating a service/endpoint; e.g. -a foo=bar,test,x=y (default `[]`)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--labels <stringSlice>-lList of labels to apply if creating a service/endpoint; e.g. -l env=prod,vers=2 (default `[]`)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--serviceaccount <string>-sService account to link to the service (default `default`)

istioctl upgrade

The upgrade command checks for upgrade version eligibility and, if eligible, upgrades the Istio control plane components in-place. Warning: traffic may be disrupted during upgrade. Please ensure PodDisruptionBudgets are defined to maintain service continuity.

istioctl upgrade [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--charts <string>Deprecated, use --manifests instead. (default ``)
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--dry-runConsole/log output only, make no changes.
--filename <stringSlice>-fPath to file containing IstioOperator custom resource This flag can be specified multiple times to overlay multiple files. Multiple files are overlaid in left to right order. (default `[]`)
--forceApply the upgrade without eligibility checks
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--readiness-timeout <duration>Maximum time to wait for Istio resources in each component to be ready. (default `5m0s`)
--set <stringArray>-sOverride an IstioOperator value, e.g. to choose a profile (--set profile=demo), enable or disable components (--set components.policy.enabled=true), or override Istio settings (--set meshConfig.enableTracing=true). See documentation for more info:https://istio.io/v1.8/docs/reference/config/istio.operator.v1alpha1/#IstioOperatorSpec (default `[]`)
--skip-confirmation-yIf skip-confirmation is set, skips the prompting confirmation for value changes in this upgrade

istioctl validate

Validate Istio policy and rules files

istioctl validate -f FILENAME [options] [flags]
istioctl v -f FILENAME [options] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--filename <stringSlice>-fNames of files to validate (default `[]`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--referential-xEnable structural validation for policy and telemetry

Examples

  # Validate bookinfo-gateway.yaml
  istioctl validate -f samples/bookinfo/networking/bookinfo-gateway.yaml

  # Validate bookinfo-gateway.yaml with shorthand syntax
  istioctl v -f samples/bookinfo/networking/bookinfo-gateway.yaml

  # Validate current deployments under 'default' namespace within the cluster
  kubectl get deployments -o yaml | istioctl validate -f -

  # Validate current services under 'default' namespace within the cluster
  kubectl get services -o yaml | istioctl validate -f -

  # Also see the related command 'istioctl analyze'
  istioctl analyze samples/bookinfo/networking/bookinfo-gateway.yaml

istioctl verify-install

verify-install verifies Istio installation status against the installation file you specified when you installed Istio. It loops through all the installation resources defined in your installation file and reports whether all of them are in ready status. It will report failure when any of them are not ready.

If you do not specify an installation it will check for an IstioOperator resource and will verify if pods and services defined in it are present.

Note: For verifying whether your cluster is ready for Istio installation, see istioctl experimental precheck.

istioctl verify-install [-f <deployment or istio operator file>] [--revision <revision>] [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--enableVerboseEnable verbose output
--filename <stringSlice>-fIstio YAML installation file. (default `[]`)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--manifests <string>-dSpecify a path to a directory of charts and profiles (e.g. ~/Downloads/istio-1.8.0/manifests) or release tar URL (e.g. https://github.com/istio/istio/releases/download/1.8.0/istio-1.8.0-linux-amd64.tar.gz). (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--recursive-RProcess the directory used in -f, --filename recursively. Useful when you want to manage related manifests organized within the same directory.
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)

Examples

  # Verify that Istio is installed correctly via Istio Operator
  istioctl verify-install

  # Verify the deployment matches a custom Istio deployment configuration
  istioctl verify-install -f $HOME/istio.yaml

  # Verify the deployment matches the Istio Operator deployment definition
  istioctl verify-install --revision <canary>

istioctl version

Prints out build version information

istioctl version [flags]
FlagsShorthandDescription
--context <string>The name of the kubeconfig context to use (default ``)
--istioNamespace <string>-iIstio system namespace (default `istio-system`)
--kubeconfig <string>-cKubernetes configuration file (default ``)
--namespace <string>-nConfig namespace (default ``)
--output <string>-oOne of 'yaml' or 'json'. (default ``)
--remoteUse --remote=false to suppress control plane check
--revision <string>Control plane revision (default ``)
--short-sUse --short=false to generate full version information

Environment variables

These environment variables affect the behavior of the istioctl command. Please use with caution as these environment variables are experimental and can change anytime.
Variable NameTypeDefault ValueDescription
CENTRAL_ISTIODBooleanfalseIf this is set to true, one Istiod will control remote clusters including CA.
CLUSTER_IDStringKubernetesDefines the cluster and service registry that this Istiod instance is belongs to
ENABLE_ADMIN_ENDPOINTSBooleanfalseIf this is set to true, dangerous admin endpoins will be exposed on the debug interface. Not recommended for production.
ENABLE_CA_SERVERBooleantrueIf this is set to false, will not create CA server in istiod.
ENABLE_DEBUG_ON_HTTPBooleantrueIf this is set to false, the debug interface will not be ebabled on Http, recommended for production
ENABLE_LEGACY_FSGROUP_INJECTIONBooleantrueIf true, Istiod will set the pod fsGroup to 1337 on injection. This is required for Kubernetes 1.18 and older (see https://github.com/kubernetes/kubernetes/issues/57923 for details) unless JWT_POLICY is "first-party-jwt".
EXTERNAL_ISTIODBooleanfalseIf this is set to true, one Istiod will control remote clusters including CA.
INGRESS_GATEWAY_NAMESPACEString
INJECTION_WEBHOOK_CONFIG_NAMEStringistio-sidecar-injectorName of the mutatingwebhookconfiguration to patch, if istioctl is not used.
ISTIOCONFIGString$HOME/.istioctl/config.yamlDefault values for istioctl flags
ISTIOCTL_AUTHORITYStringThe istioctl --authority override
ISTIOCTL_CERT_DIRStringThe istioctl --cert-dir override
ISTIOCTL_INSECUREBooleanfalseThe istioctl --insecure override
ISTIOCTL_ISTIONAMESPACEStringistio-systemThe istioctl --istioNamespace override
ISTIOCTL_PLAINTEXTBooleanfalseThe istioctl --plaintext override
ISTIOCTL_PREFER_EXPERIMENTALBooleanfalseThe istioctl should use experimental subcommand variants
ISTIOCTL_XDS_ADDRESSStringThe istioctl --xds-address override
ISTIOCTL_XDS_PORTInteger15012The istioctl --xds-port override
ISTIOD_CUSTOM_HOSTStringCustom host name of istiod that istiod signs the server cert.
ISTIOD_ENABLE_SDS_SERVERBooleantrueIf enabled, Istiod will serve SDS for credentialName secrets (rather than in-proxy). To ensure proper security, PILOT_ENABLE_XDS_IDENTITY_CHECK=true is required as well.
ISTIO_DEFAULT_REQUEST_TIMEOUTTime Duration0sDefault Http and gRPC Request timeout
ISTIO_GPRC_MAXRECVMSGSIZEInteger4194304Sets the max receive buffer size of gRPC stream in bytes.
ISTIO_GPRC_MAXSTREAMSInteger100000Sets the maximum number of concurrent grpc streams.
ISTIO_PROMETHEUS_ANNOTATIONSString
JWT_POLICYStringthird-party-jwtThe JWT validation policy.
K8S_INGRESS_NSString
PILOT_ALLOW_METADATA_CERTS_DR_MUTUAL_TLSBooleanfalseIf true, Pilot will allow certs specified in Metadata to override DR certs in MUTUAL TLS mode. This is only enabled for migration and will be removed soon.
PILOT_CERT_PROVIDERStringistiodThe provider of Pilot DNS certificate.
PILOT_DEBOUNCE_AFTERTime Duration100msThe delay added to config/registry events for debouncing. This will delay the push by at least this internal. If no change is detected within this period, the push will happen, otherwise we'll keep delaying until things settle, up to a max of PILOT_DEBOUNCE_MAX.
PILOT_DEBOUNCE_MAXTime Duration10sThe maximum amount of time to wait for events while debouncing. If events keep showing up with no breaks for this time, we'll trigger a push.
PILOT_DISTRIBUTION_HISTORY_RETENTIONTime Duration1m0sIf enabled, Pilot will keep track of old versions of distributed config for this duration.
PILOT_ENABLED_SERVICE_APISBooleanfalseIf this is set to true, support for Kubernetes service-apis (github.com/kubernetes-sigs/service-apis) will be enabled. This feature is currently experimental, and is off by default.
PILOT_ENABLE_ANALYSISBooleanfalseIf enabled, pilot will run istio analyzers and write analysis errors to the Status field of any Istio Resources
PILOT_ENABLE_CONFIG_DISTRIBUTION_TRACKINGBooleantrueIf enabled, Pilot will assign meaningful nonces to each Envoy configuration message, and allow users to interrogate which envoy has which config from the debug interface.
PILOT_ENABLE_CRD_VALIDATIONBooleanfalseIf enabled, pilot will validate CRDs while retrieving CRDs from kubernetes cache.Use this flag to enable validation of CRDs in Pilot, especially in deployments that do not have galley installed.
PILOT_ENABLE_EDS_DEBOUNCEBooleantrueIf enabled, Pilot will include EDS pushes in the push debouncing, configured by PILOT_DEBOUNCE_AFTER and PILOT_DEBOUNCE_MAX. EDS pushes may be delayed, but there will be fewer pushes. By default this is enabled
PILOT_ENABLE_EDS_FOR_HEADLESS_SERVICESBooleanfalseIf enabled, for headless service in Kubernetes, pilot will send endpoints over EDS, allowing the sidecar to load balance among pods in the headless service. This feature should be enabled if applications access all services explicitly via a HTTP proxy port in the sidecar.
PILOT_ENABLE_HEADLESS_SERVICE_POD_LISTENERSBooleantrueIf enabled, for a headless service/stateful set in Kubernetes, pilot will generate an outbound listener for each pod in a headless service. This feature should be disabled if headless services have a large number of pods.
PILOT_ENABLE_INCREMENTAL_MCPBooleanfalseIf enabled, pilot will set the incremental flag of the options in the mcp controller to true, and then galley may push data incrementally, it depends on whether the resource supports incremental. By default, this is false.
PILOT_ENABLE_K8S_SELECT_WORKLOAD_ENTRIESBooleantrueIf enabled, Kubernetes services with selectors will select workload entries with matching labels. It is safe to disable it if you are quite sure you don't need this feature
PILOT_ENABLE_LOOP_BLOCKERBooleantrueIf enabled, Envoy will be configured to prevent traffic directly the the inbound/outbound ports (15001/15006). This prevents traffic loops. This option will be removed, and considered always enabled, in 1.9.
PILOT_ENABLE_MYSQL_FILTERBooleanfalseEnableMysqlFilter enables injection of `envoy.filters.network.mysql_proxy` in the filter chain.
PILOT_ENABLE_PROTOCOL_SNIFFING_FOR_INBOUNDBooleantrueIf enabled, protocol sniffing will be used for inbound listeners whose port protocol is not specified or unsupported
PILOT_ENABLE_PROTOCOL_SNIFFING_FOR_OUTBOUNDBooleantrueIf enabled, protocol sniffing will be used for outbound listeners whose port protocol is not specified or unsupported
PILOT_ENABLE_REDIS_FILTERBooleanfalseEnableRedisFilter enables injection of `envoy.filters.network.redis_proxy` in the filter chain.
PILOT_ENABLE_SERVICEENTRY_SELECT_PODSBooleantrueIf enabled, service entries with selectors will select pods from the cluster. It is safe to disable it if you are quite sure you don't need this feature
PILOT_ENABLE_STATUSBooleanfalseIf enabled, pilot will update the CRD Status field of all istio resources with reconciliation status.
PILOT_ENABLE_TCP_METADATA_EXCHANGEBooleantrueIf enabled, metadata exchange will be enabled for TCP using ALPN and Network Metadata Exchange filters in Envoy
PILOT_ENABLE_THRIFT_FILTERBooleanfalseEnableThriftFilter enables injection of `envoy.filters.network.thrift_proxy` in the filter chain.
PILOT_ENABLE_VIRTUAL_SERVICE_DELEGATEBooleantrueIf set to false, virtualService delegate will not be supported.
PILOT_ENABLE_WORKLOAD_ENTRY_AUTOREGISTRATIONBooleanfalseEnables auto-registering WorkloadEntries based on associated WorkloadGroups upon XDS connection by the workload.
PILOT_ENABLE_XDS_CACHEBooleantrueIf true, Pilot will cache XDS responses.
PILOT_ENABLE_XDS_IDENTITY_CHECKBooleantrueIf enabled, pilot will authorize XDS clients, to ensure they are acting only as namespaces they have permissions for.
PILOT_ENDPOINT_TELEMETRY_LABELBooleanfalseIf true, pilot will add telemetry related metadata to Endpoint resource, which will be consumed by telemetry filter.
PILOT_FILTER_GATEWAY_CLUSTER_CONFIGBooleantrue
PILOT_HTTP10BooleanfalseEnables the use of HTTP 1.0 in the outbound HTTP listeners, to support legacy applications.
PILOT_INBOUND_PROTOCOL_DETECTION_TIMEOUTTime Duration1sProtocol detection timeout for inbound listener
PILOT_INITIAL_FETCH_TIMEOUTTime Duration0sSpecifies the initial_fetch_timeout for config. If this time is reached without a response to the config requested by Envoy, the Envoy will move on with the init phase. This prevents envoy from getting stuck waiting on config during startup.
PILOT_PUSH_THROTTLEInteger100Limits the number of concurrent pushes allowed. On larger machines this can be increased for faster pushes
PILOT_SCOPE_GATEWAY_TO_NAMESPACEBooleanfalseIf enabled, a gateway workload can only select gateway resources in the same namespace. Gateways with same selectors in different namespaces will not be applicable.
PILOT_SIDECAR_ENABLE_INBOUND_TLS_V2BooleantrueIf true, Pilot will set the TLS version on server side as TLSv1_2 and also enforce strong cipher suites
PILOT_SIDECAR_USE_REMOTE_ADDRESSBooleanfalseUseRemoteAddress sets useRemoteAddress to true for side car outbound listeners.
PILOT_SKIP_VALIDATE_TRUST_DOMAINBooleanfalseSkip validating the peer is from the same trust domain when mTLS is enabled in authentication policy
PILOT_STATUS_BURSTInteger500If status is enabled, controls the Burst rate with which status will be updated. See https://godoc.org/k8s.io/client-go/rest#Config Burst
PILOT_STATUS_QPSFloating-Point100If status is enabled, controls the QPS with which status will be updated. See https://godoc.org/k8s.io/client-go/rest#Config QPS
PILOT_TRACE_SAMPLINGFloating-Point100Sets the mesh-wide trace sampling percentage. Should be 0.0 - 100.0. Precision to 0.01. Default is 100, not recommended for production use.
PILOT_USE_ENDPOINT_SLICEBooleanfalseIf enabled, Pilot will use EndpointSlices as the source of endpoints for Kubernetes services. By default, this is false, and Endpoints will be used. This requires the Kubernetes EndpointSlice controller to be enabled. Currently this is mutual exclusive - either Endpoints or EndpointSlices will be used
PILOT_WORKLOAD_ENTRY_GRACE_PERIODTime Duration10sThe amount of time an auto-registered workload can remain disconnected from all Pilot instances before the associated WorkloadEntry is cleaned up.
PILOT_XDS_CACHE_SIZEInteger20000The maximum number of cache entries for the XDS cache. If the size is <= 0, the cache will have no upper bound.
PILOT_XDS_CACHE_STATSBooleanfalseIf true, Pilot will collect metrics for XDS cache efficiency.
PILOT_XDS_SEND_TIMEOUTTime Duration5sThe timeout to send the XDS configuration to proxies. After this timeout is reached, Pilot will discard that push.
POD_NAMEString
REQUIRE_3P_TOKENBooleanfalseReject k8s default tokens, without audience. If false, default K8S token will be accepted
SECRET_WATCHER_RESYNC_PERIODString
SPIFFE_BUNDLE_ENDPOINTSStringThe SPIFFE bundle trust domain to endpoint mappings. Istiod retrieves the root certificate from each SPIFFE bundle endpoint and uses it to verify client certifiates from that trust domain. The endpoint must be compliant to the SPIFFE Bundle Endpoint standard. For details, please refer to https://github.com/spiffe/spiffe/blob/master/standards/SPIFFE_Trust_Domain_and_Bundle.md . No need to configure this for root certificates issued via Istiod or web-PKI based root certificates. Use || between <trustdomain, endpoint> tuples. Use | as delimiter between trust domain and endpoint in each tuple. For example: foo|https://url/for/foo||bar|https://url/for/bar
TERMStringSpecifies terminal type. Use 'dumb' to suppress color output
TERMINATION_DRAIN_DURATION_SECONDSInteger5The amount of time allowed for connections to complete on pilot-agent shutdown. On receiving SIGTERM or SIGINT, pilot-agent tells the active Envoy to start draining, preventing any new connections and allowing existing connections to complete. It then sleeps for the TerminationDrainDuration and then kills any remaining active Envoy processes.
TOKEN_AUDIENCESStringistio-caA list of comma separated audiences to check in the JWT token before issuing a certificate. The token is accepted if it matches with one of the audiences
XDS_AUTHBooleantrueIf true, will authenticate XDS clients.

Exported metrics

Metric NameTypeDescription
cache_flush_totalSumnumber of times operator cache was flushed
cr_deletion_totalSumNumber of IstioOperator CR deleted
cr_merge_failure_totalSumNumber of IstioOperator CR merge failures
cr_validation_error_totalSumNumber of IstioOperator CR validation failures
endpoint_no_podLastValueEndpoints without an associated pod.
galley_runtime_processor_event_span_duration_millisecondsDistributionThe duration between each incoming event
galley_runtime_processor_events_processed_totalCountThe number of events that have been processed
galley_runtime_processor_snapshot_events_totalDistributionThe number of events per snapshot
galley_runtime_processor_snapshot_lifetime_duration_millisecondsDistributionThe duration of each snapshot
galley_runtime_processor_snapshots_published_totalCountThe number of snapshots that have been published
galley_runtime_state_type_instances_totalLastValueThe number of type instances per type URL
galley_runtime_strategy_on_change_totalCountThe number of times the strategy's onChange has been called
galley_runtime_strategy_timer_max_time_reached_totalCountThe number of times the max time has been reached
galley_runtime_strategy_timer_quiesce_reached_totalCountThe number of times a quiesce has been reached
galley_runtime_strategy_timer_resets_totalCountThe number of times the timer has been reset
galley_source_kube_dynamic_converter_failure_totalCountThe number of times a dynamnic kubernetes source failed converting a resources
galley_source_kube_dynamic_converter_success_totalCountThe number of times a dynamic kubernetes source successfully converted a resource
galley_source_kube_event_error_totalCountThe number of times a kubernetes source encountered errored while handling an event
galley_source_kube_event_success_totalCountThe number of times a kubernetes source successfully handled an event
galley_validation_config_delete_errorCountk8s webhook configuration delete error
galley_validation_config_loadCountk8s webhook configuration (re)loads
galley_validation_config_load_errorCountk8s webhook configuration (re)load error
galley_validation_config_update_errorCountk8s webhook configuration update error
galley_validation_config_updatesCountk8s webhook configuration updates
get_cr_error_totalSumNumber of times fetching CR from apiserver failed
istio_buildLastValueIstio component build info
istio_mcp_clients_totalLastValueThe number of streams currently connected.
istio_mcp_message_sizes_bytesDistributionSize of messages received from clients.
istio_mcp_reconnectionsSumThe number of times the sink has reconnected.
istio_mcp_recv_failures_totalSumThe number of recv failures in the source.
istio_mcp_request_acks_totalSumThe number of request acks received by the source.
istio_mcp_request_nacks_totalSumThe number of request nacks received by the source.
istio_mcp_send_failures_totalSumThe number of send failures in the source.
legacy_path_translation_totalSumNumber of times a legacy API path is translated
manifest_patch_error_totalSumNumber of times K8S patch overlays failed
manifest_render_error_totalSumNumber of times error occurred during rendering output manifest
num_failed_outgoing_requestsSumNumber of failed outgoing requests (e.g. to a token exchange server, CA, etc.)
num_outgoing_requestsSumNumber of total outgoing requests (e.g. to a token exchange server, CA, etc.)
num_outgoing_retriesSumNumber of outgoing retry requests (e.g. to a token exchange server, CA, etc.)
outgoing_latencySumThe latency of outgoing requests (e.g. to a token exchange server, CA, etc.) in milliseconds.
owned_resource_totalLastValueNumber of resources currently owned by the operator
pilot_conflict_inbound_listenerLastValueNumber of conflicting inbound listeners.
pilot_conflict_outbound_listener_http_over_current_tcpLastValueNumber of conflicting wildcard http listeners with current wildcard tcp listener.
pilot_conflict_outbound_listener_tcp_over_current_httpLastValueNumber of conflicting wildcard tcp listeners with current wildcard http listener.
pilot_conflict_outbound_listener_tcp_over_current_tcpLastValueNumber of conflicting tcp listeners with current tcp listener.
pilot_destrule_subsetsLastValueDuplicate subsets across destination rules for same host
pilot_duplicate_envoy_clustersLastValueDuplicate envoy clusters caused by service entries with same hostname
pilot_eds_no_instancesLastValueNumber of clusters without instances.
pilot_endpoint_not_readyLastValueEndpoint found in unready state.
pilot_inbound_updatesSumTotal number of updates received by pilot.
pilot_invalid_out_listenersLastValueNumber of invalid outbound listeners.
pilot_jwks_resolver_network_fetch_fail_totalSumTotal number of failed network fetch by pilot jwks resolver
pilot_jwks_resolver_network_fetch_success_totalSumTotal number of successfully network fetch by pilot jwks resolver
pilot_k8s_endpoints_pending_podLastValueNumber of endpoints that do not currently have any corresponding pods.
pilot_k8s_endpoints_with_no_podsSumEndpoints that does not have any corresponding pods.
pilot_k8s_reg_eventsSumEvents from k8s registry.
pilot_no_ipLastValuePods not found in the endpoint table, possibly invalid.
pilot_proxy_convergence_timeDistributionDelay in seconds between config change and a proxy receiving all required configuration.
pilot_proxy_queue_timeDistributionTime in seconds, a proxy is in the push queue before being dequeued.
pilot_push_triggersSumTotal number of times a push was triggered, labeled by reason for the push.
pilot_servicesLastValueTotal services known to pilot.
pilot_total_rejected_configsSumTotal number of configs that Pilot had to reject or ignore.
pilot_total_xds_internal_errorsSumTotal number of internal XDS errors in pilot.
pilot_total_xds_rejectsSumTotal number of XDS responses from pilot rejected by proxy.
pilot_virt_servicesLastValueTotal virtual services known to pilot.
pilot_vservice_dup_domainLastValueVirtual services with dup domains.
pilot_xdsLastValueNumber of endpoints connected to this pilot using XDS.
pilot_xds_cds_rejectLastValuePilot rejected CDS configs.
pilot_xds_eds_rejectLastValuePilot rejected EDS.
pilot_xds_expired_nonceSumTotal number of XDS requests with an expired nonce.
pilot_xds_lds_rejectLastValuePilot rejected LDS.
pilot_xds_push_context_errorsSumNumber of errors (timeouts) initiating push context.
pilot_xds_push_timeDistributionTotal time in seconds Pilot takes to push lds, rds, cds and eds.
pilot_xds_pushesSumPilot build and send errors for lds, rds, cds and eds.
pilot_xds_rds_rejectLastValuePilot rejected RDS.
pilot_xds_send_timeDistributionTotal time in seconds Pilot takes to send generated configuration.
pilot_xds_write_timeoutSumPilot XDS response write timeouts.
render_manifest_totalSumNumber of component manifests rendered
resource_creation_totalSumNumber of resources created by the operator
resource_deletion_totalSumNumber of resources deleted by the operator
resource_prune_totalSumNumber of resources pruned by the operator
resource_update_totalSumNumber of resources updated by the operator
scrape_failures_totalSumThe total number of failed scrapes.
scrapes_totalSumThe total number of scrapes.
sidecar_injection_failure_totalSumTotal number of failed sidecar injection requests.
sidecar_injection_requests_totalSumTotal number of sidecar injection requests.
sidecar_injection_skip_totalSumTotal number of skipped sidecar injection requests.
sidecar_injection_success_totalSumTotal number of successful sidecar injection requests.
startup_duration_secondsLastValueThe time from the process starting to being marked ready.
versionLastValueVersion of operator binary
xds_cache_evictionsSumTotal number of xds cache evictions.
xds_cache_readsSumTotal number of xds cache xdsCacheReads.
xds_cache_sizeLastValueCurrent size of xds cache
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